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Materials Comparing Steel Standards

Foreword of the Author...

Myth and Methodology when comparing Steel Standards

  • When comparing steel standards from different national and international standard development organizations, there is no such thing as equivalent steel standards.
    At best, one may be able to group comparable steel standards together based on some defined set of rules. For example, ASTM A 516/A 516M Grade 70 is comparable to JIS G 3118 symbol SGV 480 and to EN 10028-2 steel name P295GH, based on chemical requirements and mechanical properties. Yet they are not equivalent since there are differences in their chemical compositions and mechanical properties.
    Comparing steel standards is not an exact science and cannot be made into a mathematical equation where two sides of an equation are equal to one another, since there will always be differences between standards.
  • There are also different standards that share the same grades of steel. For example, ASTM A 485 and EN ISO 683-17 share seven identical bearing steel grade chemical requirements, yet the body of each standard is different (that is, grain size, hardenability, microstructure and hardness, inspection, testing, etc.). As a result, these seven bearing steels within these two standards are not equivalent, but are comparable.

Only a start to indicate, which Materials may be similar

Trade Name ASTM Grade
S235JR    
ST 52.3    
CS (C22)    
CS (C22.8)    
Low Temp CS    
High Yield Steel    
3½ Nickel Steel    
5 Chrome 1/2 Moly    
1¼ Chrome
1/2 Moly
   
2¼ Chrome 1/2 Moly    
9 Chrome 1 Moly    
X12 Chrome 091 Moly    
13 Chrome    
17-4PH    
153 MA    
201    
202    
248 SV    
253 MA    
254 SMo A312 A403 WPS31254
Trade Name ASTM Grade
301    
301LN    
302    
303    
304 A312 A403 WP304
304H    
304L    
304LN    
305    
308    
309 A312 A403 WP309
309S    
310    
310L    
310S A312 A403 WP310S
310 314 A312 A403 WP310
316 A312 A403 WP316
316Cb    
316F    
316H    
Trade Name ASTM Grade
316L 316 316L A312 A403 WP316L
316LHMO    
316LN    
316Ti A312 A403 WP316Ti
317 A312 A403 WP317
317L A312 A403 WP317L
317LNM A312 A403 WP317LNM
318    
321 A312 A403 WP321
     
321H    
327    
329    
330    
347 A312 A403 WP347
     
348    
353 MA    
403    
405    
409    
Trade Name ASTM Grade
410 A268 A815
410S    
414    
416    
420    
420C    
420F    
422    
429    
430    
430F    
430Ti 439    
431    
434    
440 444    
440A    
440B    
440C    
440F    
442    
446-1    
Trade Name ASTM Grade
630 (17-4PH)    
631 (17-7PH)    
633 (AM350)    
634 (AM355)    
654 SMo    
660 (A286)    
904L B677 A403 WP904L
AL-6XN®    
Alu 6061 B241 B361 WP6061
Alu 5154 B241 B361 WP5154
Alu 5083
Carpenter 20
B241B729 B361 WP5083
B366 WP20CB
Cunifer® 10 B466  
Cunifer® 30 B466  
CU 5MCuC    
Duplex 4462 A190 A815
Ferralium® 255 A790 A815
Nicrofer 5923 hMo
(Alloy 59)
   
Nickel 200 B161 B366 WPN
Nickel 201 B161 B366 WPNL
Magnesium    
Trade Name ASTM Grade
Monel® 400 B165 B366 WPNC
Monel R-405    
Monel® K500    
Incoloy® 25-6MO    
Incoloy® 800 B163 B366 WPNIC
Incoloy® 800H B407 B366 WPNIC10
Incoloy® 800HT   B366 WPNIC11
Incoloy® 825 B423 B366 WPNICMC
Inconel® 600 B167 B366 WPNCI
Inconel® 601    
Inconel® 617    
Inconel® 625 B444 B366 WPNCMC
Inconel® 690    
Inconel® 718    
Inconel® X750    
Trade Name ASTM Grade
Hastelloy® B2 B622 B366 WPHB-2
Hastelloy® B3    
Hastelloy® C    
Hastelloy® C22 B622 B366 WPHC22
Hastelloy® C276 B622 B366 WPHC276
Hastelloy® C4 B622 B366 WPHC4
Hastelloy® G   B366 WPHG
Hastelloy® G3   B366 WPHG3
Hastelloy® G30   B366 WPHG30
Hastelloy® X   B366 WPHX
SAF 2507 A790 A815
SAF 2304    
Sanicro® 28    
Ultimet    
Tantalum®    
Titanium GR. 1    
Titanium GR. 2 B337/B861 B363 WPT-2
Titanium GR. 3    
Titanium GR. 5 B337/B861  
Titanium GR. 7 B337/B861 B363 WPT-7
Zirconium® 702   B653 PZ(Gr)
Zirconium® 705    
Zeron 100    
Trade Name ASTM Grade
Trade Name Werkstoff
Nummer
Grade
S235JR 1.0037 S235JR
ST 52.3 1.0570 ST 52-3
CS (C22) 1.0402 C22
CS (C22.8) 1.0460  
Low Temp CS 1.0508 TT St E 36
High Yield Steel    
3½ Nickel Steel 1.5639  
5 Chrome 1/2 Moly 1.7362 12CrMo19.5
1¼ Chrome
1/2 Moly
1.7733
1.7335
24CrMoV-55
13 CrMo 44
2¼ Chrome 1/2 Moly 1.7380 10CrMo9.10
9 Chrome 1 Moly 1.7386  
X12 Chrome 091 Moly 1.4903  
13 Chrome    
17-4PH 1.4542  
153 MA 1.4818  
201 1.4372  
202 1.4371 X3CrMnNiN1887
248 SV 1.4418  
253 MA 1.4835  
254 SMo 1.4547  
Trade Name Werkstoff
Nummer
Grade
301 1.4310 X12CrNi177
X10CrNi188
301LN 1.4318 X2CrNiN187
302 1.4300
1.4319
X12CrNi188
303 1.4305 X10CrNi189
304 1.4301 X5CrNi1810
X5CrNi189
304H 1.4948 X6CrNi1811
304L 1.4306
1.4307
X2CrNi1911
304LN 1.4311 X2CrNiN1810
305 1.4303
1.4312
X5CrNi1812
308 1.4303 X8CrNi1812
309 1.4828 X15CrNiSi2012
309S 1.4833 X7CrNi2314
310 1.4845  
310L 1.4335 X1CrNi2521
310S 1.4845 X12CrNi2521
310 314 1.4841 X15CrNiSi2520
316 1.4401
1.4436
X5CrNiMo17122
X5CrNiMo17133
X5 CrNiMo1810
316Cb 1.4580 X6CrNiMoNb 17122
316F 1.4427 X4CrNiMoS1811
316H 1.4919 X8CrNiMo1712
Trade Name Werkstoff
Nummer
Grade
316L 316 316L 1.4404
1.4432
X2CrNiMo17132
X2CrNiMo17123
X2 CrNiMo1810
316LHMO 1.4435 X2CrNiMo18143
316LN 1.4429
1.4406
X2CrNiMoN17133
X2CrNiMoN17122
316Ti 1.4571 X6CrNiMoTi17122
317 1.4449 X5CrNiMo1713
317L 1.4438 X2CrNiMoN18164
317LNM 1.4434
1.4439
X2CrNiMoN17135
318 1.4583 X10CrNiMoNb 1812
321 1.4541 X6CrNiTi1810
    X10CrNiTi189
321H 1.4878 X12CrNiTi189
327 1.4821 X20CrNiSi254
329 1.4460 X4CrNiMo2751
330 1.4864 X12NiCrSi3616
347 1.4550 X6CrNiNb1810
    X10CrNiNb189
348 1.4546 X5CrNiNb1810
353 MA 1.4854  
403 1.4000 X6Cr13
405 1.4002
1.4724
X6CrAI13
X10CrAI13
409 1.4512 X6CrTi12
Trade Name Werkstoff
Nummer
Grade
410 1.4006
1.4024
X12Cr13
X15Cr13
410S 1.4001 X7Cr14
414 1.4008 G-X8CrNi13
416 1.4005 X12CrS13
420 1.4021
1.4034
1.4028
X20Cr13
X38Cr13
420C 1.4034 X46Cr13
420F 1.4028 X30C13
422 1.4935 X20CrMoWV121
429   X10CrNi15
430 1.4016 X6Cr17
430F 1.4104 X12CrMoS17
430Ti 439 1.4510 X3CrTi17
431 1.4057 X20CrNi172
434 1.4113 X6CrMo171
440 444 1.4521 X2CrMoTi182
440A 1.4109
1.4110
X65CrMo14
X55CrMo14
440B 1.4112 X90CrMoV18
440C 1.4125 X105CrMo17
440F    
442   X10Cr25
446-1 1.4749 X18CrN28
Trade Name Werkstoff
Nummer
Grade
630 (17-4PH) 1.4542 X5CrNiCuNb174
631 (17-7PH) 1.4568 X7CrNiAI177
633 (AM350)    
634 (AM355)    
654 SMo 1.4652  
660 (A286) 1.4980 X5NiCrTi2515
904L 1.4539 X1NiCrMoCu 25205
AL-6XN®    
Alu 6061 3.3211  
Alu 5154 3.3635  
Alu 5083
Carpenter 20
3.3547
2.4660
 
Cunifer® 10 2.0872 CuNi10Fe
Cunifer® 30 2.0882 CuNi30Fe
CU 5MCuC    
Duplex 4462 1.4462 X2CrNiMoN2253
Ferralium® 255    
Nicrofer 5923 hMo
(Alloy 59)
2.4605 NiCr22Mo
Nickel 200 2.4066  
Nickel 201 2.4068  
Magnesium 3.5312  
Trade Name Werkstoff
Nummer
Grade
Monel® 400 2.4360  
Monel R-405    
Monel® K500 2.4375  
Incoloy® 25-6MO 1.4529 X1NiCrMoCuN 25207
Incoloy® 800 1.4876 X10NiCrAITi3320
Incoloy® 800H 1.4958  
Incoloy® 800HT 1.4959  
Incoloy® 825 2.4858 NiFe30Cr21Mo3
Inconel® 600 2.4816  
Inconel® 601    
Inconel® 617    
Inconel® 625 2.4856 NiCr22Mo9Nb
Inconel® 690    
Inconel® 718    
Inconel® X750 2.4669  
Trade Name Werkstoff
Nummer
Grade
Hastelloy® B2 2.4617  
Hastelloy® B3 2.4600  
Hastelloy® C    
Hastelloy® C22 2.4602 NiCr21Mo14W
Hastelloy® C276 2.4819  
Hastelloy® C4 2.4610  
Hastelloy® G    
Hastelloy® G3    
Hastelloy® G30    
Hastelloy® X    
SAF 2507 1.4469 G-X-25Cr7Ni4MoN
SAF 2304 1.4362  
Sanicro® 28 1.4563  
Ultimet 2.4681  
Tantalum®    
Titanium GR. 1 3.7025  
Titanium GR. 2 3.7035  
Titanium GR. 3 3.7055  
Titanium GR. 5 3.7165  
Titanium GR. 7 3.7235  
Zirconium® 702    
Zirconium® 705    
Zeron 100 1.4501  
Trade Name Werkstoff
Nummer
Grade
PP
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