List of Chemical Elements



Chemical Elements
AT No Name of
element
æ Origin of name

89

Actinium Ac From the Greek word aktinos (ray)

13

Aluminium Al From the Latin word alumen (alum)

95

Americium Am From America where it was discovered

51

Antimony Sb From the Greek words anti + monos meaning not alone

18

Argon Ar From the Greek word argos meaning inactive

33

Arsenic As From the Greek word arsenikon meaning yellow orpiment (orpiment is arsenic trisulphide)

85

Astatine At From the Greek word astatos meaning unstable

56

Barium Ba From the Greek word barus meaning heavy

97

Berkelium Bk Named after Berkeley, USA where it was discovered

4

Beryllium Be From the Greek word beryllos meaning beryl

83

Bismuth Bi From the German word bisemutum

107

Bohrium Bh Named after Niels Bohr, the Danish physicist

5

Boron B From the Arabic word buraq or the Persian word burah

35

Bromine Br From the Greek word bromos meaning stench

48

Cadmium Cd From the Latin word cadmia or Greek word kadmeia both meaning calamine

55

Caesium Cs From the Latin word caesius meaning sky blue

20

Calcium Ca From the Latin word calx meaning lime

96

Californium Cf Named after the University of California, USA where it was discovered

6

Carbon C From the Latin word carbo meaning charcoal

58

Cerium Ce Named after the Asteroid Ceres, which had been discovered in 1801, two years before the element

17

Chlorine Cl From the Greek word chloros meaning pale green

24

Chromium Cr From the Greek word chrome meaning colour

27

Cobalt Co From the German word kobald meaning goblin or evilspirit

29

Copper Cu From cuprum, the Latin name for the island of Cyprus

96

Curium Cm Named after Pierre & Marie Curie

110

Darmstadium Ds Named after Darmstadt, Germany where it was discovered

105

Dubnium Db Named after Dubnia, USSR where it was discovered

66

Dysprosium Dy From the Greek word dysprositos meaning hard to obtain

99

Einsteinium Es Named after Albert Einstein

68

Erbium Er Named after the village of Ytterby in Sweden, where the mineral from which it was extracted came from

63

Europium Eu Named after Europe

100

Fermium Fm Named after Enrico Fermi, the Italian physicist

9

Fluorine F From the Latin word fluere meaning to flow

87

Francium Fr Named after France

64

Gadolinium Gd Named after Johan Gadolin, the Finnish chemist and mineralogist

31

Gallium Ga From the Latin word Gallia meaning France

32

Germanium Ge From the Latin word Germania meaning Germany

79

Gold Au From the German word gold, which was itself derived from an earlier word meaning yellow

72

Hafnium Hf From the Latin word Hafnia meaning Copenhagen

108

Hassium Hs From the Latin word Hassium, for the German State of Hess

2

Helium He From the Greek word helios meaning sun

67

Holmium Ho From the Greek word Holmia meaning Sweden

1

Hydrogen H From the Greek words hydro genes meaning water and generator

49

Indium In Named after the indigo line in its atomic spectrum

53

Iodine I From the Greek word iodes meaning violet

77

Iridium Ir From the Greek word iris meaning rainbow

26

Iron Fe From isarn the old Saxon word for iron

36

Krypton Kr From the Greek word kryptos meaning hidden

57

Lanthan um La From the Greek word lanthanein meaning to lie hidden

103

Lawrencium Lr Named after Ernest O. Lawrence, the inventor of the cyclotron

82

Lead Pb From the Anglo-Saxon word lead

3

Lithium Li From the Greek word lithos meaning stone

71

Lutetium Lu From the Greek word Lutetia meaning Paris

12

Magnesium Mg From the Greek word Magnesia, a district of Thessaly

25

Mangan ese Mn From the Latin word magnes meaning magnet

108

Meitnerium Mt Named after Lise Meitner,the Austrian physicist

101

Mendel evium Md Named after Dimitri Mendeleev, the Russian chemist

80

Mercury Hg Named after the planet Mercury

42

Molybdenum Mo From the Greek word molybdos meaning lead

60

Neodymium Nd From the Greek words neos didymos meaning new twin

10

Neon Ne From the Greek word neon meaning new

93

Neptunium Np Named after the planet Neptune

28

Nickel Ni From the German word kupfernickel meaning devil's scopper

41

Niobium Nb Named after Niobe, the daughter of Tantalus in Greek mythology

7

Nitrogen N From the Greek words nitron genes meaning nitre and forming

102

Nobelium No Named after Alfred Nobel, the Swedish chemist

76

Osmium Os From the Greek word osme meaning smell

8

Oxygen O From the Greek words oxy genes meaning acid and forming

46

Palladium Pd Named after the asteroid pallas which was discovered at about the same time. Derived from Pallas Athene, the Greek goddess of wisdom

15

Phospho rus P From the Greek word phospheros meaning bringer of light

78

Platinum Pt From the Spanish word platina meaning silver

94

Plutonium Pu Named after the planet Pluto

84

Polonium Po Named after Poland, birthplace of Marie Curie

19

Potassium K From the English word potash, the ashes remaining in the pot after plant leaves were burnt and from which potassium carbonate was obtained

59

Praseodym ium Pr From the Greek words prasios didymos meaning greentwin

61

Promethium Pm Named after Prometheus, who stole fire from heaven and gave it to humans, according to Greek mythology

91

Protac tinium Pa From the Greek word protos meaning first

86

Radon Rn Named after the element radium, from which it was derived

88

Radium Ra From the Latin word radius meaning ray

75

Rhenium Re From Rhenus, the Latin for river Rhine, where one of the discoverers was born

45

Rhodium Rh From the Greek word rhodon meaning rose

111

Roentgenium Rg Named after Wilhelm C. Roentgen, the German physicist

37

Rubidium Rb From the Latin word rubidius meaning dark red

44

Ruthenium Ru From Ruthenia, the Latin word for Russia

104

Rutherford ium Rf Named after Ernest R. Rutherford, the New Zealand physicist and chemist

62

Samarium Sm Named after samarskite the mineral from which it was isolated

21

Scandium Sc From the Latin word Scandia meaning Scandinavia

106

Seaborgium Sg Named after Glen T. Seaborg, the American nuclear chemist

34

Seleni um Se From the Greek word selene meaning moon

14

Silicon Si From the Latin word silicis meaning flint

47

Silver Ag From siluvar, the Old Saxon word for silver

11

Sodium Na From soda, the English word for sodium carbonate

38

Strontium Sr Named after Strontian, Scotland where the mineral from which it was isolated was found

16

Sulphur S From sulphur ium, the Latin word for sulphur

73

Tantalum Ta Named after King Tantalus, the father of Niobe in Greek mythology

43

Technetium Tc From the Greek word technikos meaning artificial

52

Tellurium Te From the Latin word tellus meaning earth

65

Terbium Tb Named after Ytterby a town in Sweden where its ore was found

81

Thallium Tl From the Greek word thallos meaning green twig

90

Thorium Th Named after Thor, the Scandinavian God of war

69

Thulium Tm Named after Thule the ancient name for Scandinavia

50

Tin Sn From the Anglo-Saxon word tin

22

Titanium Ti Named after the Titans, the elder gods who ruled the earth before the Olympian gods, in Greek mythology

74

Tungsten W From the Swedish words tung sten meaning heavy stone

92

Uranium U Named after the planet Uranus

23

Vanadium V Named after Vanadis, the goddess of beauty in Scandinavian mythology

54

Xenon Xe From the Greek word xenon meaning stranger

70

Ytterbium Yb Named after the village of Ytterby in Sweden where its ore was found

39

Yttrium Y Named after the village of Ytterby in Sweden where its ore was found

30

Zinc Zn From the German word zink

40

Zirconium Zr From the Arabic word zargun meaning goldcolour

Explore the World of Piping


© Werner Sölken 2008 -  
All rights reserved.
www.wermac.org uses Google Analytics


I must be old. I still believe in respect.