List of Chemical Elements

AT No Name of
Origin of name
89 Actinium Ac
From the Greek word aktinos (ray)
13 Aluminium Al
From the Latin word alumen (alum)
95 Americium Am
From America where it was discovered
51 Antimony Sb
From the Greek words anti + monos meaning not alone
18 Argon Ar
From the Greek word argos meaning inactive
33 Arsenic As
From the Greek word arsenikon meaning yellow orpiment (orpiment is arsenic trisulphide)
85 Astatine At
From the Greek word astatos meaning unstable
56 Barium Ba
From the Greek word barus meaning heavy
97 Berkelium Bk
Named after Berkeley, USA where it was discovered
4 Beryllium Be
From the Greek word beryllos meaning beryl
83 Bismuth Bi
From the German word bisemutum
107 Bohrium Bh
Named after Niels Bohr, the Danish physicist
5 Boron B
From the Arabic word buraq or the Persian word burah
35 Bromine Br
From the Greek word bromos meaning stench
48 Cadmium Cd
From the Latin word cadmia or Greek word kadmeia both meaning calamine
55 Caesium Cs
From the Latin word caesius meaning sky blue
20 Calcium Ca
From the Latin word calx meaning lime
96 Californium Cf
Named after the University of California, USA where it was discovered
6 Carbon C
From the Latin word carbo meaning charcoal
58 Cerium Ce
Named after the Asteroid Ceres, which had been discovered in 1801, two years before the element
17 Chlorine Cl
From the Greek word chloros meaning pale green
24 Chromium Cr
From the Greek word chrome meaning colour
27 Cobalt Co
From the German word kobald meaning goblin or evilspirit
29 Copper Cu
From cuprum, the Latin name for the island of Cyprus
96 Curium Cm
Named after Pierre & Marie Curie
110 Darmstadium Ds
Named after Darmstadt, Germany where it was discovered
105 Dubnium Db
Named after Dubnia, USSR where it was discovered
66 Dysprosium Dy
From the Greek word dysprositos meaning hard to obtain
99 Einsteinium Es
Named after Albert Einstein
68 Erbium Er
Named after the village of Ytterby in Sweden, where the mineral from which it was extracted came from
63 Europium Eu
Named after Europe
100 Fermium Fm
Named after Enrico Fermi, the Italian physicist
9 Fluorine F
From the Latin word fluere meaning to flow
87 Francium Fr
Named after France
64 Gadolinium Gd
Named after Johan Gadolin, the Finnish chemist and mineralogist
31 Gallium Ga
From the Latin word Gallia meaning France
32 Germanium Ge
From the Latin word Germania meaning Germany
79 Gold Au
From the German word gold, which was itself derived from an earlier word meaning yellow
72 Hafnium Hf
From the Latin word Hafnia meaning Copenhagen
108 Hassium Hs
From the Latin word Hassium, for the German State of Hess
2 Helium He
From the Greek word helios meaning sun
67 Holmium Ho
From the Greek word Holmia meaning Sweden
1 Hydrogen H
From the Greek words hydro genes meaning water and generator
49 Indium In
Named after the indigo line in its atomic spectrum
53 Iodine I
From the Greek word iodes meaning violet
77 Iridium Ir
From the Greek word iris meaning rainbow
26 Iron Fe
From isarn the old Saxon word for iron
36 Krypton Kr
From the Greek word kryptos meaning hidden
57 Lanthan um La
From the Greek word lanthanein meaning to lie hidden
103 Lawrencium Lr
Named after Ernest O. Lawrence, the inventor of the cyclotron
82 Lead Pb
From the Anglo-Saxon word lead
3 Lithium Li
From the Greek word lithos meaning stone
71 Lutetium Lu
From the Greek word Lutetia meaning Paris
12 Magnesium Mg
From the Greek word Magnesia, a district of Thessaly
25 Mangan ese Mn
From the Latin word magnes meaning magnet
108 Meitnerium Mt
Named after Lise Meitner,the Austrian physicist
101 Mendel evium Md
Named after Dimitri Mendeleev, the Russian chemist
80 Mercury Hg
Named after the planet Mercury
42 Molybdenum Mo
From the Greek word molybdos meaning lead
60 Neodymium Nd
From the Greek words neos didymos meaning new twin
10 Neon Ne
From the Greek word neon meaning new
93 Neptunium Np
Named after the planet Neptune
28 Nickel Ni
From the German word kupfernickel meaning devil's scopper
41 Niobium Nb
Named after Niobe, the daughter of Tantalus in Greek mythology
7 Nitrogen N
From the Greek words nitron genes meaning nitre and forming
102 Nobelium No
Named after Alfred Nobel, the Swedish chemist
76 Osmium Os
From the Greek word osme meaning smell
8 Oxygen O
From the Greek words oxy genes meaning acid and forming
46 Palladium Pd
Named after the asteroid pallas which was discovered at about the same time. Derived from Pallas Athene, the Greek goddess of wisdom
15 Phospho rus P
From the Greek word phospheros meaning bringer of light
78 Platinum Pt
From the Spanish word platina meaning silver
94 Plutonium Pu
Named after the planet Pluto
84 Polonium Po
Named after Poland, birthplace of Marie Curie
19 Potassium K
From the English word potash, the ashes remaining in the pot after plant leaves were burnt and from which potassium carbonate was obtained
59 Praseodym ium Pr
From the Greek words prasios didymos meaning greentwin
61 Promethium Pm
Named after Prometheus, who stole fire from heaven and gave it to humans, according to Greek mythology
91 Protac tinium Pa
From the Greek word protos meaning first
86 Radon Rn
Named after the element radium, from which it was derived
88 Radium Ra
From the Latin word radius meaning ray
75 Rhenium Re
From Rhenus, the Latin for river Rhine, where one of the discoverers was born
45 Rhodium Rh
From the Greek word rhodon meaning rose
111 Roentgenium Rg
Named after Wilhelm C. Roentgen, the German physicist
37 Rubidium Rb
From the Latin word rubidius meaning dark red
44 Ruthenium Ru
From Ruthenia, the Latin word for Russia
104 Rutherford ium Rf
Named after Ernest R. Rutherford, the New Zealand physicist and chemist
62 Samarium Sm
Named after samarskite the mineral from which it was isolated
21 Scandium Sc
From the Latin word Scandia meaning Scandinavia
106 Seaborgium Sg
Named after Glen T. Seaborg, the American nuclear chemist
34 Seleni um Se
From the Greek word selene meaning moon
14 Silicon Si
From the Latin word silicis meaning flint
47 Silver Ag
From siluvar, the Old Saxon word for silver
11 Sodium Na
From soda, the English word for sodium carbonate
38 Strontium Sr
Named after Strontian, Scotland where the mineral from which it was isolated was found
16 Sulphur S
From sulphur ium, the Latin word for sulphur
73 Tantalum Ta
Named after King Tantalus, the father of Niobe in Greek mythology
43 Technetium Tc
From the Greek word technikos meaning artificial
52 Tellurium Te
From the Latin word tellus meaning earth
65 Terbium Tb
Named after Ytterby a town in Sweden where its ore was found
81 Thallium Tl
From the Greek word thallos meaning green twig
90 Thorium Th
Named after Thor, the Scandinavian God of war
69 Thulium Tm
Named after Thule the ancient name for Scandinavia
50 Tin Sn
From the Anglo-Saxon word tin
22 Titanium Ti
Named after the Titans, the elder gods who ruled the earth before the Olympian gods, in Greek mythology
74 Tungsten W
From the Swedish words tung sten meaning heavy stone
92 Uranium U
Named after the planet Uranus
23 Vanadium V
Named after Vanadis, the goddess of beauty in Scandinavian mythology
54 Xenon Xe
From the Greek word xenon meaning stranger
70 Ytterbium Yb
Named after the village of Ytterby in Sweden where its ore was found
39 Yttrium Y
Named after the village of Ytterby in Sweden where its ore was found
30 Zinc Zn
From the German word zink
40 Zirconium Zr
From the Arabic word zargun meaning goldcolour
AT No Name of
Origin of name