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Coordination System Piping and Instrumentation Diagram

The piping and Instrument Diagram PID provides a schematic representation of the piping, process control, and instrumentation which shows the functional relationships among the system components. The PID also provides important information needed by the constructor and manufacturer to develop the other construction input documents (the isometric drawings or orthographic physical layout drawings).

Piping and Instrument Diagram (PID)
Large image of a simple Piping and Instrument Diagram

The PID provides direct input to the field for the physical design and installation of field-run piping. For clarity, it is usual practice to use the same general layout of flow paths on the PID as used on the system flow diagram.

The PID ties together the system description, the system flow diagram, the electric control schematic, and the control logic diagram. It accomplishes this by showing all the piping, equipment, principal instruments, instrument loops, and control interlocks.

The PID contains a minimum amount of text in the form of notes (the system descriptions minimize the need for text on the PID). The first PID in the set for the job should contain a legend defining all symbols used; if certain symbols are defined elsewhere, it may be appropriate to only reference their source. The PIDs are also used by the start-up organizations for preparing flushing, testing, and blowout procedures for the piping system and by the plant operators to operate the system. The correctness and completeness of the SD, SFD, and PID drawings are crucial to the success of the start-up program.

The PID should show the following

Instruments significant to the process piping, including:

  • Mechanical equipment
  • All Valves associated with the process piping
  • Process pipes
  • Vents and drains
  • Special fittings
  • Sampling lines
  • Permanent start-up and flushing lines

Specific information as applicable to job:

  • Instrument designations
  • Equipment names and numbers
  • Pipeline identification
  • Valve identification

All size transitions in line:

  • Reducers and increasers, swages, etc
  • Direction of flow
  • Interfaces for class changes
  • Seismic category
  • Quality level
  • Interconnection references
  • Annunciation inputs
  • Plant computer inputs
  • Vendor and contractor interfaces
  • Identification of components and subsystems by others
  • Reference to a vendor drawing for details not shown
  • Intended physical sequence of equipment: Including branch lines, reducers, etc.

Remark(s) of the Author...

The PID for a defined system should be limited to coverage of that system to the maximum practical extent. Other systems that interface with the subject system are shown in phantom if such portions are detailed elsewhere.

Whenever a line is broken off as a matter of drafting convenience, both the break and the continuation are labeled so that one can readily trace the line from both sides of the break. This applies whether the break and continuation are on the same sheet or on different sheets of the drawing.

Except for very simple PID, the drawing should have the horizontal and vertical borders marked to permit reference to any small area of the drawing, such as by "Continued at PG-12".

Care should be taken to ensure that these markings are within the sized field of the drawing so that they will always be reproduced with the drawing regardless of the process used.

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