ASTM Paint Standards and Related Coating Standards (part 5)

ASTM's paint and related coating standards are instrumental in specifying and evaluating the physical and chemical properties of various paints and coatings that are applied to certain bulk materials to improve their surface properties.
Guides are also provided for the proper methods of applying these coatings, which also include enamels, varnishes, electroplatings, pigments, and solvents.
These paint and related coating standards help paint manufacturers and end-users in the appropriate testing and application procedures for the coating of their concern.


Industrial Painting

Pigment Specifications

Designation

Title

D34 08 (2019) Standard Guide for Chemical Analysis of White Pigments
D49 83 (2014) Standard Test Methods of Chemical Analysis of Red Lead
D50 90 (2019) Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Yellow, Orange, Red, and Brown Pigments Containing Iron and Manganese
D79 86 (2014) Standard Specification for Zinc Oxide Pigments
D81 87 (2014) Standard Specification for Basic Carbonate White Lead Pigment
D83 84 (2014) Standard Specification for Red Lead Pigment
D85 05 (2019) Standard Specification for Ochre Pigment
D126 87 (2019) Standard Test Methods for Analysis of Yellow, Orange, and Green Pigments Containing Lead Chromate and Chromium Oxide Green
D153 84 (2014) Standard Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Pigments
D185 07 (2019) Standard Test Methods for Coarse Particles in Pigments
D209 81 (2019) Standard Specification for Lampblack Pigment
D210 05 (2019) Standard Specification for Bone Black Pigment
D211 67 (2019) Standard Specification for Chrome Yellow and Chrome Orange Pigments
D263 05 (2019) Standard Specification for Chrome Oxide Green Pigment
D267 82 (2014) Standard Specification for Gold Bronze Powder
D279 02 (2019) Standard Test Methods for Bleeding of Pigments
D280 01 (2019) Standard Test Methods for Hygroscopic Moisture (and Other Matter Volatile Under the Test Conditions) in Pigments
D283 13 (2019) Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Cuprous Oxide and Copper Pigments
D305 84 (2014) Standard Test Method for Solvent-Extractable Material in Black Pigments
D444 88 (2014) Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Zinc Yellow Pigment (Zinc Chromate Yellow)
D476 15 Standard Classification for Dry Pigmentary Titanium Dioxide Products
D478 02 (2019) Standard Specification for Zinc Yellow (Zinc Chromate) Pigments
D480 88 (2014) Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing of Flaked Aluminum Powders and Pastes
D520 00 (2019) Standard Specification for Zinc Dust Pigment
D521 02 (2019) Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Zinc Dust (Metallic Zinc Powder)
D561 82 (2014) Standard Specification for Carbon Black Pigment for Paint
D602 81 (2019) Standard Specification for Barium Sulfate Pigments
D605 82 (2019) Standard Specification for Magnesium Silicate Pigment (Talc)
D607 82 (2019) Standard Specification for Wet Ground Mica Pigments
D715 86 (2014) Standard Test Methods for Analysis of Barium Sulfate Pigment
D716 86 (2019) Standard Test Methods for Evaluating Mica Pigment
D717 86 (2014) Standard Test Methods for Analysis of Magnesium Silicate Pigment
D718 86 (2014) Standard Test Methods for Analysis of Aluminum Silicate Pigment
D763 06 (2019) Standard Specification for Raw and Burnt Umber Pigments
D765 87 (2014) Standard Specification for Raw and Burnt Sienna Pigments
D768 01 (2019) Standard Specification for Yellow Iron Oxide Hydrated
D769 01 (2019) Standard Specification for Black Synthetic Iron Oxide
D962 81 (2014) Standard Specification for Aluminum Powder and Paste Pigments for Paints
D964 03 (2014) Standard Specification for Metallic Copper Powder for Use in Antifouling Paints
D1135 86 (2014) Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Blue Pigments
D1199 86 (2014) Standard Specification for Calcium Carbonate Pigments
D1208 96 (2019) Standard Test Methods for Common Properties of Certain Pigments
D1301 91 (2014) Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of White Lead Pigments
D1366 86 (2019) Standard Practice for Reporting Particle Size Characteristics of Pigments
D1394 76 (2014) Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of White Titanium Pigments
D1648 86 (2014) Standard Specification for Basic Lead Silicochromate Pigment
D1649 01 (2019) Standard Specification for Strontium Chromate Pigment
D1844 86 (2014) Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Basic Lead Silicochromate
D1845 86 (2014) Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Strontium Chromate Pigment
D2218 67 (2019) Standard Specification for Molybdate Orange Pigments
D2448 85 (2019) Standard Test Method for Water-Soluble Salts in Pigments by Measuring the Specific Resistance of the Leachate of the Pigment
D3021 01 (2019) Standard Specification for Phthalocyanine Green Pigments
D3256 86 (2014) Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Phthalocyanine Blue and Green Pigments
D3280 85 (2014) Standard Test Methods for Analysis of White Zinc Pigments
D3720 90 (2019) Standard Test Method for Ratio of Anatase to Rutile in Titanium Dioxide Pigments by X-Ray Diffraction
D3721 05 (2019) Standard Specification for Synthetic Red Iron Oxide Pigment
D3722 05 (2019) Standard Specification for Natural Red and Brown Iron Oxide Pigments
D3724 01 (2019) Standard Specification for Synthetic Brown Iron Oxide Pigment
D3872 05 (2019) Standard Test Method for Ferrous Iron in Iron Oxides
D3926 05 (2019) Standard Test Methods for Percent Solids in Titanium Dioxide Slurries
D4139 04 (2014) Standard Guide for Determining Volatile and Nonvolatile Content of Pigments
D4288 02 (2019) Standard Specification for Calcium Borosilicate Pigments
D4450 85 (2019) Standard Test Method for Analysis of Zinc Hydroxy Phosphite Pigment
D4462 02 (2019) Standard Specification for Zinc Hydroxy Phosphite Pigment
D4487 90 (2014) Standard Test Methods for Analysis of Calcium Borosilicate
D6280 98 (2014) Standard Specification for Zinc Phosphate Pigments



Pine Chemicals and Hydrocarbon Resins

Designation

Title

D233 13 (2017) Standard Test Methods of Sampling and Testing Turpentine
D269 97 (2015) Standard Test Method for Insoluble Matter in Rosin and Rosin Derivatives
D464 15 Standard Test Methods for Saponification Number of Pine Chemical Products Including Tall Oil and Other Related Products
D465 15 Standard Test Methods for Acid Number of Pine Chemical Products Including Tall Oil and Other Related Products
D509 15 Standard Test Methods of Sampling and Grading Rosin
D801 02 (2017) Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Dipentene
D802 02 (2017) Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Pine Oils
D803 15 Standard Test Methods for Testing Tall Oil
D804 12 (2017) Standard Terminology Relating to Pine Chemicals, Including Tall Oil and Related Products
D889 13 (2017) Standard Test Method for Volatile Oil in Rosin
D890 12 (2016) Standard Test Method for Water in Liquid Pine Chemicals
D1065 18 Standard Test Method for Unsaponifiable Matter in Pine Chemicals, Including Rosin, Tall Oil, and Related Products
D1240 14 (2018) Standard Test Methods for Rosin Acids Content of Pine Chemicals, Including Rosin, Tall Oil, and Related Products
D1585 15 Standard Test Methods for Fatty Acids Content of Pine Chemicals, Including Rosin, Tall Oil, and Related Products
D1981 11 (2015) Standard Test Method for Measuring Color After Heating of Tall Oil Fatty Acids
D1982 13 (2017) Standard Test Method for Titer of Fatty Acids
D5768 02 (2018) Standard Test Method for Determination of Iodine Value of Tall Oil Fatty Acids
D5974 15 Standard Test Methods for Fatty and Rosin Acids in Tall Oil Fractionation Products by Capillary Gas Chromatography
D6090 17 Standard Test Method for Softening Point Resins (Mettler Cup and Ball Method)
D6166 12 (2016) Standard Test Method for Color of Pine Chemicals and Related Products (Instrumental Determination of Gardner Color)
D6267 / D6267M 13 (2017) Standard Test Method for Apparent Viscosity of Hydrocarbon Resins at Elevated Temperatures
D6387 19 Standard Test Methods for Composition of Turpentine and Related Terpene Products by Capillary Gas Chromatography
D6493 11 (2015) Standard Test Methods for Softening Point of Hydrocarbon Resins and Rosin Based Resins by Automated Ring-and-Ball Apparatus
D6579 11 (2015) Standard Practice for Molecular Weight Averages and Molecular Weight Distribution of Hydrocarbon, Rosin and Terpene Resins by Size-Exclusion Chromatography
D6604 00 (2017) Standard Practice for Glass Transition Temperatures of Hydrocarbon Resins by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
D6605 06 (2015) Standard Practice for Determining the Color Stability of Hydrocarbon Resins After Heating
E28 18 Standard Test Methods for Softening Point of Resins Derived from Pine Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, by Ring-and-Ball Apparatus



Polymers and Resins

Designation

Title

D360 12 (2019) Standard Specification for Shellac Varnishes
D1652 11 (2019) Standard Test Method for Epoxy Content of Epoxy Resins
D1725 12 (2019) Standard Practice for Preparing Resin Solutions for Viscosity Measurement by Bubble Time Method
D1726 11 (2019) Standard Test Methods for Hydrolyzable Chloride Content of Liquid Epoxy Resins
D2074 07 (2019) Standard Test Methods for Total, Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Amine Values of Fatty Amines by Alternative Indicator Method
D2354 10 (2018) Standard Test Method for Minimum Film Formation Temperature (MFFT) of Emulsion Vehicles
D2572 19 Standard Test Method for Isocyanate Groups in Urethane Materials or Prepolymers
D4142 89 (2017) Standard Guide for Testing Epoxy Resins
D4143 16 Standard Guide for Testing Latex Vehicles
D4301 05 (2019) Standard Test Method for Total Chlorine in Epoxy Resins and Compounds
D4640 86 (2017) Standard Test Method for Determining Stroke Cure Time of Thermosetting Phenol-Formaldehyde Resins
D5910 05 (2019) Standard Test Method for Determination of Free Formaldehyde in Emulsion Polymers by Liquid Chromatography



Powder Coatings

Designation

Title

D2967 07 (2017) Standard Test Method for Corner Coverage of Powder Coatings
D3451 06 (2017) Standard Guide for Testing Coating Powders and Powder Coatings
D4217 07 (2017) Standard Test Method for Gel Time of Thermosetting Coating Powder
D4242 07 (2017) Standard Test Method for Inclined Plate Flow for Thermosetting Coating Powders
D5382 02 (2017) Standard Guide to Evaluation of Optical Properties of Powder Coatings
D5861 07 (2017) Standard Guide for Significance of Particle Size Measurements of Coating Powders
D5965 19 Standard Test Methods for Density of Coating Powders
D6441 05 (2016) Standard Test Methods for Measuring the Hiding Power of Powder Coatings
D7378 16 Standard Practice for Measurement of Thickness of Applied Coating Powders to Predict Cured Thickness



Pre Treatment

Designation

Title

B183 18 Standard Practice for Preparation of Low-Carbon Steel for Electroplating
B242 99 (2014)e1 Standard Guide for Preparation of High-Carbon Steel for Electroplating
B252 92 (2014) Standard Guide for Preparation of Zinc Alloy Die Castings for Electroplating and Conversion Coatings
B253 11 (2017) Standard Guide for Preparation of Aluminum Alloys for Electroplating
B254 92 (2014) Standard Practice for Preparation of and Electroplating on Stainless Steel
B281 88 (2019)e1 Standard Practice for Preparation of Copper and Copper-Base Alloys for Electroplating and Conversion Coatings
B319 91 (2014) Standard Guide for Preparation of Lead and Lead Alloys for Electroplating
B320 60 (2019) Standard Practice for Preparation of Iron Castings for Electroplating
B322 99 (2014) Standard Guide for Cleaning Metals Prior to Electroplating
B343 92a (2014) Standard Practice for Preparation of Nickel for Electroplating with Nickel
B480 88 (2017) Standard Guide for Preparation of Magnesium and Magnesium Alloys for Electroplating
B481 68 (2019) Standard Practice for Preparation of Titanium and Titanium Alloys for Electroplating
B482 85 (2019) Standard Practice for Preparation of Tungsten and Tungsten Alloys for Electroplating
B558 79 (2019) Standard Practice for Preparation of Nickel Alloys for Electroplating
B629 77 (2019) Standard Practice for Preparation of Molybdenum and Molybdenum Alloys for Electroplating
B630 88 (2017) Standard Practice for Preparation of Chromium for Electroplating with Chromium
B727 04 (2014) Standard Practice for Preparation of Plastics Materials for Electroplating
B849 02 (2019) Standard Specification for Pre-Treatments of Iron or Steel for Reducing Risk of Hydrogen Embrittlement
B850 98 (2015) Standard Guide for Post-Coating Treatments of Steel for Reducing the Risk of Hydrogen Embrittlement
B851 04 (2014) Standard Specification for Automated Controlled Shot Peening of Metallic Articles Prior to Nickel, Autocatalytic Nickel, or Chromium Plating, or as Final Finish



Precious Metal Coatings

Designation

Title

B488 18 Standard Specification for Electrodeposited Coatings of Gold for Engineering Uses
B634 14a Standard Specification for Electrodeposited Coatings of Rhodium for Engineering Use
B679 98 (2015) Standard Specification for Electrodeposited Coatings of Palladium for Engineering Use
B700 08 (2014) Standard Specification for Electrodeposited Coatings of Silver for Engineering Use
B984 12 Standard Specification for Electrodeposited Coatings of Palladium- Cobalt Alloy for Engineering Use



Printing Inks

Designation

Title

D2066 07 (2012) Standard Test Methods for Relative Tinting Strength of Paste-Type Printing Ink Dispersions
D2067 97 (2013) Standard Test Method for Coarse Particles in Printing Ink Dispersions
D4040 10 (2019) Standard Test Method for Rheological Properties of Paste Printing and Vehicles by the Falling-Rod Viscometer
D4713 12 Standard Test Methods for Nonvolatile Content of Heatset and Liquid Printing Ink Systems
D5181 09 (2017) Standard Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Printed Matter by the GA-CAT Comprehensive Abrasion Tester
D6073 08a (2013) Standard Test Method for Relative Setting of Heatset Printing Inks
D6419 00 (2017) Standard Test Method for Volatile Content of Sheet-Fed and Coldset Web Offset Printing Inks
D6487 10 (2019) Standard Practice for Preparing Prints of Paste Printing Inks Using a Hand Operated Laboratory Flat-Bed Press
D6488 08 (2013) Standard Terminology Relating to Print Problems
D6531 00 (2019) Standard Test Method for Relative Tinting Strength of Aqueous Ink Systems by Instrumental Measurement
D6846 02 (2012) Standard Practice for Preparing Prints of Paste Printing Inks with a Printing Gage
D7188 05 (2019) Standard Terminology for Printing Inks, Materials, and Processes
D7189 12 Standard Test Method for Relative Mileage of News Ink on Newsprint
D7305 08a (2013) Standard Test Method for Reflection Density of Printed Matter
D7680 10 (2019) Standard Practice for Preparing Prints of Paste Printing Inks by a Motor-Driven Printability Tester
D7734 / D7734M 13 Standard Test Method for Determination of Open Time of Oxidative Printing Inks and Overprint Varnishes by a Manual Method



Protective Coatings Maintenance Work for Power Generation Facilities

Designation

Title

D7491 08 (2015) Standard Guide for Management of Non-Conforming Coatings in Coating Service Level I Areas of Nuclear Power Plants



Protective Lining for Air Quality Control Systems

Designation

Title

D4618 92 (2017) Standard Specification for Design and Fabrication of Flue Gas Desulfurization System Components for Protective Lining Application
D4619 12 (2018) Standard Practice for Inspection of Linings in Operating Flue Gas Desulfurization Systems
D5499 94 (2013) Standard Test Methods for Heat Resistance of Polymer Linings for Flue Gas Desulfurization Systems
D6137 97 (2018) Standard Test Method for Sulfuric Acid Resistance of Polymer Linings for Flue Gas Desulfurization Systems
D7602 11 (2017) Standard Practice for Installation of Vulcanized Rubber Linings



Quality Assurance and Statistics

Designation

Title

D3924 16 (2019) Standard Specification for Standard Environment for Conditioning and Testing Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Materials
D6631 05 (2019) Standard Guide for Committee D01 for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study for the Purpose of Determining the Precision of a Test Method



Quality Systems and Inspection

Designation

Title

D3843 16 Standard Practice for Quality Assurance for Protective Coatings Applied to Nuclear Facilities
D4537 12 (2018) Standard Guide for Establishing Procedures to Qualify and Certify Personnel Performing Coating and Lining Work Inspection in Nuclear Facilities
D5163 16 Standard Guide for Establishing a Program for Condition Assessment of Coating Service Level I Coating Systems in Nuclear Power Plants
D5498 12a (2018) Standard Guide for Developing a Training Program for Personnel Performing Coating and Lining Work Inspection for Nuclear Facilities
D7108 12 (2018) Standard Guide for Establishing Qualifications for a Nuclear Coatings Specialist
D7167 12 (2018) Standard Guide for Establishing Procedures to Monitor the Performance of Safety-Related Coating Service Level III Lining Systems in an Operating Nuclear Power Plant
D8157 19 Standard Guide for Qualification Testing of Coatings Used in Coating Service Level I in Nuclear Power Plants



Retroreflection

Designation

Title

D4061 13 (2018) Standard Test Method for Retroreflectance of Horizontal Coatings
E808 01 (2016) Standard Practice for Describing Retroreflection
E809 08 (2013) Standard Practice for Measuring Photometric Characteristics of Retroreflectors
E810 03 (2013) Standard Test Method for Coefficient of Retroreflection of Retroreflective Sheeting Utilizing the Coplanar Geometry
E811 09 (2015) Standard Practice for Measuring Colorimetric Characteristics of Retroreflectors Under Nighttime Conditions
E1696 15 Standard Test Method for Field Measurement of Raised Retroreflective Pavement Markers Using a Portable Retroreflectometer
E1709 16e2 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Retroreflective Signs Using a Portable Retroreflectometer at a 0.2 Degree Observation Angle
E1710 18 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Retroreflective Pavement Marking Materials with CEN-Prescribed Geometry Using a Portable Retroreflectometer
E2177 19 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Coefficient of Retroreflected Luminance (RL) of Pavement Markings in a Standard Condition of Wetness
E2302 03a (2016) Standard Test Method for Measurement of the Luminance Coefficient Under Diffuse Illumination of Pavement Marking Materials Using a Portable Reflectometer
E2367 05 (2019) Standard Test Method for Measurement of Nighttime Chromaticity of Pavement Marking Materials Using a Portable Retroreflection Colorimeter
E2540 16e1 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Retroreflective Signs Using a Portable Retroreflectometer at a 0.5 Degree Observation Angle
E2832 12 (2017) Standard Test Method for Measuring the Coefficient of Retroreflected Luminance of Pavement Markings in a Standard Condition of Continuous Wetting (RL-2)
E3165 18 Standard Test Method for Nighttime Retroreflected Chromaticity of Retroreflective Sheeting



OTHER ASTM COATING STANDARDS

Part 5


Reference.. ASTM International




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